Studio dolls: The Beginning

A STUDIO DOLL POSTER: L TO R (from back) FACE TYPE 1, TYPE 11, TYPE 111 & TYPE 1V

(PHOTO BY DORISANNE OSBORN)

These were the dolls made by Sasha herself in her workshop or studio; they are also sometimes called originals, since they were the 'orginal' Sasha doll. Sasha made studio dolls from the 1940s right up to 1974. She used various different materials to make the dolls, the bodies were made of cloth, gypsum (a type of plaster) and vinyl; whilst the heads were made of cloth, gypsum, rubber and vinyl. She used these various materials searching for something that could be sculpted or easily cast into the moulds she used; and that would be durable once finished. She used four different head moulds for the dolls with which she was able to portray all the ages of a child from every culture. The dolls she made were mainly 20" high; but she also made babies, toddlers and large life-size babies that were used in parenting classes in Switzerland. The photo above is of a poster taken by Dorisanne Osborn that shows all 4 studio doll face types: L to R (back row) Type 1, Type 2. L to R (front row) Type 3 & Type 4. From this you can see the wide variation that is possible from just these 4 head moulds. Types 1 and 2 are fairly hard to tell apart, Type 3 is the one most widely seen and the one that was used as the basis for the Trendon Sasha, Type 4 is rare and the face type that the no-nose Gotz Sasha most closely resembles.